California vs. Texas: A 2024 Cost of Living Showdown


California vs. Texas

In recent years, the ongoing migration between the Golden State and the Lone Star State has captured national attention.

As we dive into 2024, the cost of living comparison between California and Texas remains a hot topic for those contemplating a move.

This comprehensive guide will break down the key factors that influence daily expenses, helping you make an informed decision about where to plant your roots.

Overall Cost Comparison

When it comes to stretching your dollar, Texas generally offers more bang for your buck. The Cost of Living Index (CLI) paints a clear picture:

StateOverall CLIHousingGroceriesUtilitiesTransportation

Note: U.S. average is 100

This stark contrast stems from various factors, including Texas’s lack of state income tax, abundant land for development, and business-friendly policies. However, the California vs. Texas cost of living debate isn’t just about numbers it’s about lifestyle, opportunities, and long-term financial health.


Housing costs often make or break a move, and here’s where the California-Texas cost gap yawns widest. In 2024, median home prices tell a compelling story:

  • California: $745,200
  • Texas: $302,800

But it’s not just about buying; renters feel the pinch too. Average monthly rent for a two-bedroom apartment:

  • Los Angeles: $2,750
  • Houston: $1,250

Property taxes muddy the waters, though. While home prices are lower in Texas, property tax rates are notably higher:

  • California: 0.76% average effective rate
  • Texas: 1.80% average effective rate

Still, for many, the overall savings in Texas outweigh the higher tax rate, especially when coupled with the absence of state income tax.


Your grocery bill can vary significantly between these states. While Texas enjoys lower overall food costs, California’s agricultural bounty means fresher, often cheaper produce.

A typical grocery basket comparison:

Gallon of milk$4.02$3.32
Dozen eggs$3.99$2.99
Loaf of bread$3.62$2.50
Pound of chicken$5.22$4.30

Regional variations exist, with urban areas in both states seeing higher prices than rural counterparts.


When it comes to keeping the lights on and staying connected, the cost of living difference between California and Texas narrows, but differences persist:

  • Electricity: Texas’s deregulated market often leads to lower rates, but higher consumption due to air conditioning use can offset savings.
  • Water: California’s drought issues have driven up water costs, while Texas maintains lower rates but faces its own water challenges.
  • Internet: Surprisingly similar, with both states averaging around $60-$70 per month for broadband.

Average monthly utility bill for a 915 sq ft apartment:

  • California: $165
  • Texas: $147


Getting around impacts your wallet differently in each state:

  • Gas prices (2024 average):
    • California: $4.50/gallon
    • Texas: $3.15/gallon
  • Public transit: California’s extensive systems in major cities can save commuters money, while Texas’s car-centric culture often necessitates vehicle ownership.
  • Vehicle costs:
    • Registration: CA $86, TX $51.75 (base rate)
    • Insurance: CA $2,065/year, TX $1,810/year (average)


Both states pride themselves on educational offerings, but costs vary:

  • Public K-12: Both offer free public education, but California spends more per pupil ($14,035 vs. Texas’s $10,257)
  • Higher Education: In-state tuition averages
    • University of California system: $14,000/year
    • Texas state universities: $10,500/year
  • Childcare: A significant expense for families
    • California: $16,945/year (infant care)
    • Texas: $9,324/year (infant care)


Health costs contribute significantly to the cost of living comparison between California and Texas:

  • Insurance premiums (2024 average for a 40-year-old):
    • California: $537/month
    • Texas: $495/month
  • Out-of-pocket costs: Generally lower in California due to stricter regulations
  • Quality of care: Both states boast top-tier hospitals, but rural access can be challenging in Texas

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Average Income

Income levels help contextualize the cost of living in California vs. Texas:

  • Median household income:
    • California: $84,907
    • Texas: $67,321

However, when adjusted for cost of living, Texas incomes often stretch further. The job markets differ too:

  • California leads in tech and entertainment
  • Texas dominates in energy and has a growing tech scene

Minimum wage also plays a role:

  • California: $15.50/hour (2024)
  • Texas: $7.25/hour (federal minimum)

The Bottom Line

While Texas offers lower costs across most categories, California’s higher wages and unique amenities keep it competitive for many. Your personal priorities—career opportunities, lifestyle preferences, and long-term financial goals—should guide your decision.

Remember, these are averages, and individual experiences can vary widely. Whether you’re drawn to California’s beaches or Texas’s wide-open spaces, understanding the cost of living comparison between California and Texas is just the first step in making an informed choice about where to call home.

Frequently Ask Questions

Is it cheaper to live in California or Texas?

Texas is generally cheaper to live in compared to California, with lower housing and overall living costs.

What is the cost of living in Texas in 2024?

The cost of living in Texas in 2024 is relatively moderate, with housing and essentials being more affordable than the national average.

What is the average cost of living in California in 2024?

The average cost of living in California in 2024 is high, driven by expensive housing, utilities, and transportation.

Is it worth moving from California to Texas?

Many find it worth moving from California to Texas due to lower living costs, taxes, and a favorable job market.

Who is richer, Texas or California?

California has a higher overall GDP and wealth compared to Texas, despite the lower cost of living in Texas.

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